ПАСЕ ПРОДЪЛЖИ САНКЦИИТЕ СРЕЩУ РУСИЯ, НО НЕ ИЗКЛЮЧИ РУСКАТА ДЕЛЕГАЦИЯ В АСАМБЛЕЯТА.
РЕЗУЛТАТИТЕ ОТ ГЛАСУВАНЕТО ЗА РЕЗОЛЮЦИЯ 2063 / 2015128 - ”за”, 11 - ”против”, 13 - “въздържали се “.
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БЪЛГАРСКИТЕ ДЕПУТАТИ ОТ ГЕРБ, БСП И ПАТРИОТИЧНИЯ ФРОНТ ПОДКРЕПИХА ПРОДЪЛЖАВАНЕТО НА САНКЦИИТЕ.
Текста на приетата Резолюция може да прочетете тук :
Resolution 2063 (2015)
Consideration of the annulment of the previously ratified credentials of the delegation of the Russian Federation (follow-up to paragraph 16 of Resolution 2034/2015 )
Origin - Assembly debate on 24 June 2015 (23rd and 24th Sittings) (see Doc. 13800, report of the Committee on the Honouring of Obligations and Commitments by Member States of the Council of Europe (Monitoring Committee), rapporteur: Mr Stefan Schennach; and Doc.13827, opinion of the Committee on Rules of Procedure, Immunities and Institutional Affairs, rapporteur: Mr Egidijus Vareikis). Text adopted by the Assembly on 24 June 2015 (24th Sitting).
1. The Parliamentary Assembly recalls its Resolution 2034 (2015) on the challenge, on substantive grounds, of the still unratified credentials of the delegation of the Russian Federation, adopted on 28 January 2015. In this resolution, the Assembly resolutely condemned the grave violations of international law committed by the Russian Federation with regard to the conflict in eastern Ukraine and the illegal annexation of Crimea.
As a clear expression of its condemnation, the Assembly decided to deprive the Russian delegation to the Assembly of a number of rights for the duration of the 2015 session.
However, for the sole and explicit purpose of maintaining an open and constructive dialogue with the Russian delegation, including on its actions with regard to Ukraine, the Assembly decided to ratify the credentials of the Russian delegation.
At the same time, in paragraph 16 of Resolution 2034 (2015), the Assembly resolved to annul the credentials of the Russian delegation at its June 2015 part-session if no progress had been made with regard to the implementation of the Minsk protocols and memorandum, as well as the demands and recommendations of the Assembly as expressed in that resolution, in particular with regard to the immediate withdrawal of Russian military troops from eastern Ukraine.
2. The Assembly deeply regrets the manifest lack of progress with regard to the implementation of the demands made in Resolution 2034 (2015). It equally regrets the decision of the Russian delegation to suspend all official contacts with the Assembly until the end of 2015, including all visits on behalf of Assembly bodies. The Assembly regards this as a clear rejection of its offer to maintain an open and constructive dialogue, including about Russia’s action in Ukraine. This raises questions about the Russian delegation’s commitment to co-operate and to maintain a constructive dialogue with the Assembly, including on the honouring of its commitments and obligations to the Council of Europe.
3. The Assembly reiterates its position and demands with regard to the Russian intervention resulting in a military conflict in eastern Ukraine, the illegal annexation of Crimea and the continuing deterioration of the human rights situation in that region, as expressed in Resolution 1990 (2014) on reconsideration on substantive grounds of the previously ratified credentials of the Russian Federation and Resolution 2034 (2015).
In addition, it expresses its serious concern about, inter alia:
3.1. the harassment and closure of most non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and media outlets in Crimea that are critical of Russia’s illegal annexation of the region, including the Crimean Tatar television station ATR;
3.2. the continued deterioration of the human rights situation in eastern Ukraine and credible reports of violations of international human rights and humanitarian law by all sides in the conflict, including persistent abductions, summary killings, arbitrary detention and torture of civilians in the areas under the control of the pro-Russian separatists and Russian troops, as well as summary killings of Ukrainian soldiers captured by pro-Russian illegal armed groups;
3.3. the refusal of the Russian authorities to release Assembly member Nadiia Savchenko and their decision to prolong her pre-trial detention, despite, inter alia, her enjoying immunity under the General Agreement on Privileges and Immunities of the Council of Europe and its Protocol (ETS Nos. 2 and 10), to which the Russian Federation is a Party;
3.4. the continuing violations, by all sides, of the ceasefire agreed on in the Package of Measures for the Implementation of the Minsk Agreements, signed in Minsk on 12 February 2015, and the continuing presence of heavy artillery in the exclusion zone in violation of these agreements, as well as the offensives against Debaltseve and Maryinka and the shelling of Mariupol by illegal armed groups backed by Russian regulars, leading to considerable numbers of civilian casualties;
3.5. the continuing presence of Russian troops in eastern Ukraine and the influx of advanced weaponry and “volunteers” from the Russian Federation;
3.6. the harassment and persecution of political activists, NGOs and media organisations in Russia who are critical of Russia’s role in the conflict in eastern Ukraine. In this context, the recent adoption of the “law on undesirable foreign organisations” is an additional matter of serious concern.
4. The Assembly is deeply concerned by the increased harassment and repression of activists and human rights organisations and the intimidation of dissident voices in Russia. Through the setting up and the application of a repressive legal framework, Russian authorities have placed restrictions on opposition, independent media and civil society, hindering the freedoms of expression and of assembly. In order to assess the conformity of these recent developments with Council of Europe standards, the Assembly encourages the Secretary General of the Council of Europe to prepare a report on the situation of human rights and democracy in the Russian Federation.
5. Russia’s illegal annexation of Crimea and military intervention in eastern Ukraine demonstrate its clear lack of willingness to honour its accession commitments with regard to its relations with neighbouring States. The Assembly therefore calls on the Russian authorities to denounce their claim of a sphere of special interest with regard to neighbouring States and to promptly implement the demands of the Assembly expressed in paragraph 12 of Resolution 2034 (2015).
6. The Assembly remains convinced that an open dialogue, in good faith, between the Assembly and the Russian delegation remains important in order to find a lasting solution, based on international law and principles, to the conflict in eastern Ukraine and to the illegal annexation of Crimea. It is now essential that the Russian Parliament and its delegation to the Assembly express their unequivocal commitment to enter into a dialogue, without pre-conditions, with the Assembly on Russia’s compliance with the obligations and honouring of commitments to the Council of Europe, including with regard to its policy towards its neighbouring States. The Assembly underscores that the acceptance of such a dialogue is a basic tenet of membership of the Parliamentary Assembly incumbent on all delegations. It therefore calls on the Russian delegation to re-establish dialogue with the Assembly without further delay, in particular with regard to the implementation of the demands of the Assembly as expressed in Resolution 1990 (2014) and Resolution 2034 (2015) as well as in this resolution.
In this respect, as a first step, the Russian delegation should return to the work of the Committee on the Honouring of Obligations and Commitments by Member States of the Council of Europe (Monitoring Committee) and allow this committee’s rapporteurs for the Russian Federation to go to the country in the context of their work. In addition, the Russian authorities, as the occupying power, should facilitate a joint visit to Crimea of the co-rapporteurs for Ukraine and for the Russian Federation to take stock of the human rights situation in this region.
7. The Assembly deplores the decision by the Russian authorities to blacklist 89 European personalities from entering the Russian Federation. The Assembly condemns the fact that this list contains the names of a current and a former member of the Parliamentary Assembly, who have been included solely because of positions they have taken in the Assembly with regard to Russia’s illegal annexation of Crimea and its military intervention in eastern Ukraine. This is completely unacceptable.
8. In addition, the Assembly calls upon the Russian authorities to:
8.1. fully implement the Minsk Agreements and the Package of Measures for the Implementation of the Minsk Agreements, to which the Russian Federation is a Party, and use its influence on the pro-Russian illegal armed groups to do the same;
8.2. immediately reverse the illegal annexation of Crimea;
8.3. withdraw all its troops from Ukrainian territory;
8.4. immediately release Nadiia Savchenko and allow her to return to Ukraine;
8.5. release all captives, in particular civilians and including captives held in the Russian Federation, and to use its influence on the pro-Russian illegal armed groups to do the same;
8.6. cease the harassment and prosecution of citizens, activists, NGOs and media organisations in the Russian Federation that are critical of the Russian Federation’s role in Ukraine;
8.7. bring the law on foreign agents fully into line with European standards and principles;
8.8. provide the public with accurate information about the participation of forces of the regular Russian army in the military conflict in Ukraine;
8.9. fully respect the rights to freedom of assembly and expression, including of those critical of the authorities’ policies;
8.10. provide the families of missing Russian soldiers with information on the fate of their missing relatives.
9. As a signal of its commitment to an open and constructive dialogue with the Russian delegation, the Assembly, while noting the sanctions currently in place, resolves not to annul, at this time, the already ratified credentials of the Russian delegation.
Резултати от гласуването за Резолюция 2063 / 2015128 - ”за”, 11 - ”против”, 13 - “въздържали се “.
Тримата депутати от България участвали в гласуването – от ГЕРБ, БСП и от Патриотичния фронт са подкрепили резолюцията.
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Освен тази резолюция, ПАСЕ прие и резолюция и препоръка относно безследно изчезналите лица в украинския конфликт, текстовете на които може да видите тук :
Resolution 2067 (2015)
Missing persons during the conflict in Ukraine
Author(s): Parliamentary Assembly
Origin - Assembly debate on 25 June 2015 (26th Sitting) (see Doc. 13808, report of the Committee on Migration, Refugees and Displaced Persons, rapporteur: Mr Jim Sheridan). Text adopted by the Assembly on 25 June 2015 (26th Sitting). See also Recommendation 2076 (2015).
1. The Parliamentary Assembly is seriously concerned about the growing number of cases of missing persons reported in the areas of military action in certain areas of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions of Ukraine, as well as in occupied Crimea.
2. Since the beginning of the Russian aggression in Ukraine, in early 2014, more than 1 300 persons have been reported missing. This figure, which only takes into account data collected by the Ukrainian authorities, is in reality certainly higher. Among the missing persons are not only soldiers, but also civilians, including volunteers who were helping victims of the conflict. Their fate and whereabouts are unknown and difficult to determine as their most likely location is in the territory which remains under the control of separatist groups.
3. The Assembly welcomes the efforts undertaken by the Ukrainian authorities with a view to determining the fate and whereabouts of missing persons. In particular, it commends the establishment of an Interagency Centre for Assistance in the Release of Captives and Hostages and the Search for Missing Persons under the responsibility of the State Security Service of Ukraine and the creation of a unified register of pretrial investigations (including a database of DNA samples of unidentified bodies and the relatives of missing persons) within the Ministry of Internal Affairs, which have significantly facilitated the identification procedure of missing persons.
4. The Assembly deplores the decision of the President of the Russian Federation to classify information on casualties among the personnel of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation incurred in special operations during peacetime.
5. At the same time, however, the Assembly considers that the issue of missing persons requires a more comprehensive approach at governmental level and should include the co-ordination of the work of various volunteer and human rights organisations with regard to tracing and collecting information on missing persons. Furthermore, the medical, social and financial assistance offered to the families of missing persons is largely insufficient.
6. The Assembly emphasises that the problem of missing persons can only be solved through the joint efforts of all sides of the conflict. The Assembly therefore urges Ukraine, the Russian Federation and the separatist groups controlling the occupied territories of Donetsk and Luhansk region to:
6.1. provide an efficient response, in terms of investigation and support for families, to all reported cases of missing persons, in compliance with international humanitarian law;
6.2. share information on the fate and whereabouts of missing persons and return unidentified bodies, where appropriate, to the respective sides of the conflict;
6.3. establish a joint mechanism (working group) to deal with the issue of missing persons, and ensure its functioning, with a view to:
6.3.1. collecting and processing information on missing persons;
6.3.2. creating a consolidated list of missing persons;
6.3.3. introducing effective measures enabling tracing, recovery and identification of the human remains;
6.3.4. ensuring access to burial places;
6.3.5. providing exhaustive information to the relatives of missing persons on the progress on their cases;
6.3.6. involving and co-ordinating action of non-governmental and volunteer organisations dealing with tracing missing persons;
6.4. systematically collect post mortem data from unidentified bodies, as well as DNA samples from the families of missing persons;
6.5. accelerate the process of identification of exhumed bodies using all available means, including DNA matching, the matching of ante and post mortem data and visual identification, as determined by forensic experts;
6.6. provide financial, medical and social assistance to the families of missing persons;
6.7. facilitate access and the work of civil society and international humanitarian organisations tracing missing persons;
6.8. encourage the mass media to attract public attention to the problem of missing persons.
7. The Assembly further urges the Ukrainian authorities to:
7.1. create a dedicated governmental mechanism, tasked with the co-ordination of the work of all governmental and non-governmental bodies working on the issue of missing persons, and in particular to:
7.1.1. ensure sufficient budgetary funds for its functioning;
7.1.2. create and maintain a unified data register with regard to missing persons during the conflict in Ukraine;
7.1.3. provide adequate funding for tracing operations;
7.1.4. elaborate a mechanism of State compensation and support to the families of missing persons and ensure that the families concerned are informed about the existence of this mechanism;
7.1.5. include in its work non-governmental organisations, volunteer associations and representatives of the families of missing persons;
7.2. introduce into the legislation a provision ensuring the right of families to know what has happened to relatives who remain unaccounted for in connection with armed conflicts and internal violence, in compliance with the relevant provisions of international humanitarian law;
7.3. strengthen legal measures dealing with the problem of missing person, in particular to consider the adoption of a specific law on missing persons which would introduce a legal status of “missing” and “war victim”, allowing the families concerned to benefit from financial, social and legal assistance, including a mechanism of State compensation;
7.4. address the needs of single heads of families of missing persons, taking into consideration specific needs of women and children;
7.5. further develop national capacities specialised in forensic and tracing expertise and encourage them to assimilate the experience of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in this respect;
7.6. provide adequate legal and awareness-raising training for all officials concerned with regard to the implementation of legal provisions and administrative procedures when addressing the rights of the families of missing persons.
8. The Assembly urges the separatist groups which control the occupied territories in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions to:
8.1. release all captured prisoners and hostages;
8.2. engage effectively with the work of appropriate working subgroups of the Trilateral Contact Group in accordance with the Minsk agreements, with a view to dealing with the issues of captured and missing persons and identifying possible grave sites;
8.3. grant access for international humanitarian missions to places of detention of prisoners.
9. The Assembly further urges the authorities of the Russian Federation to:
9.1. release all prisoners illegally captured in Ukrainian territory;
9.2. conduct an effective investigation and prosecute perpetrators in cases of abduction, enforced disappearances, torture and politically motivated killings of Ukrainian activists and members of the Crimean Tatar community;
9.3. exercise pressure over the separatist groups which control the occupied territories in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions for the immediate release of all civilians held in custody on the territory under their control and for the exchange of prisoners;
9.4. create a national mechanism to deal with the issues of captured and missing persons during the conflict in Ukraine;
9.5. provide the families of missing Russian soldiers with accurate information on the fate and whereabouts of their missing relatives;
9.6. immediately grant access to the territory of occupied Crimea to international human rights monitoring missions.
10. The Assembly also calls on the member States to provide:
10.1. financial and technical assistance to the Ukrainian authorities responsible for exhumation and the identification process;
10.2. necessary assistance to deal with the psychological effects on the families of missing persons;
10.3. financial assistance to the associations of families of missing persons and non-governmental organisations tracing missing persons.
11. The Assembly encourages the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to make available their expertise to Ukrainian institutions, in particular in:
11.1. training national specialists in the documentation of missing cases, the consolidation of lists and the assessment of and response to the needs of the families;
11.2. providing technical assistance, in particular in setting up the DNA laboratory in Dnipropetrovsk and supplying reagents for the DNA tests;
11.3. informing the Ukrainian population about the main aspects of international humanitarian law.
12. The Assembly invites the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights to follow the problem of the missing persons during the conflict in Ukraine.
Voting results on Resolution :
Recommendation 2076 (2015)
Missing persons during the conflict in Ukraine
1. The Parliamentary Assembly refers to its Resolution 2067 (2015) on missing persons during the conflict in Ukraine.
2. The Assembly stresses that the issue of missing persons in Ukraine is a serious European problem which may hinder the prospects for a peaceful settlement in the region and have negative consequences on the process of reconciliation.
3. The Assembly therefore recommends that the Committee of Ministers identify possible contributions by the Council of Europe to the ongoing process of clarifying the fate and whereabouts of missing persons in connection with the conflict in Ukraine, and offer relevant expertise, especially in the framework of co-operation programmes.
Voting results on Recommendation :
Отзиви в български медии :
ПАСЕ официално призна руската агресия в Украйна и обяви части от Донбас за окупираниhttp://news.ibox.bg/news/id_237803550
Парламентарната асамблея на Съвета на Европа официално призна факта на руската агресия в Украйна и определи Донецка и Луганска област като окупирани територии, съобщи агенция „Униан".
Украинската постоянна парламентарна делегация в ПАСЕ е успяла да постигне внасянето на поправки в резолюция за Украйна, приета от асамблеята.
По думите на Ирина Геращенко, член на постоянната делегация, украинските представители са настояли към работата по темата да бъде привлечен Международният комитет на Червения кръст и от хуманитарната организация е заявена готовност за такова съдействие.
Приетата от ПАСЕ резолюция е първият официален международен документ, в който фигурират думите „руска агресия в Украйна".Асамблеята е подкрепила и доклад на Джим Шеридан за за безследно изчезнали хора в зоната на конфликта.
В резолюцията ПАСЕ призовава Русия и сепаратистите да освободят всички пленници.
„Асамблеят анастоятелон призовава сепаратистките групи, контролиращи окупираните територии в Донецка и Луганска област да освободят всички пленници и заложници." - се казва в документа, като си призовава да бъде създаден механизъм за издирване на изчезнали хора.
Яровая: С обявяването на Русия за агресор ПАСЕ „погази международните актове за опазване на мира“
С приемането на резолюцията за обявяване на Русия за агресор, ПАСЕ „погази всички международни актове за защита на мира и безопасността на човечеството“, заяви пред журналисти ръководителят на комитета на Държавната дума по сигурността Ирина Яровая.„Сама по себе си резолюцията на ПАСЕ може да се разглежда като хуманитарна катастрофа“, добави тя.
Според нея, преди „умишлено и неоснователно да обвиняват Русия, която фактически единствена оказва хуманитарна помощ на жителите на Донбас, и да отказват на жителите на Крим от право на живот, би било добре представители на ПАСЕ да посетят поне Ростовска област или Крим, и да поговорят с украинските бежанци, за да си изяснят какво се случва всъщност, да научат за реалните престъпления, извършвани от властите в Киев срещу мирни жители, жени и деца“.
Яровая припомни, че вчера ПАСЕ с мнозинство гласове прие резолюция, обвиняваща Русия в агресия.
РУСКАТА АГРЕСИЯ В УКРАЙНА ОФИЦИАЛНО ПРИЗНАТА ОТ ПАСЕhttp://eurocom.bg/news/article/ruskata-agresiia-v-ukraina-oficialno-priznata-ot-pase
Руската агресия и окупацията на Донеска и Луганска област са официално признати от Парламентарната асамблея на Съвета на Европа (ПАСЕ).
Постоянната парламентарна делегация на Украйна в ПАСЕ е успяла да постигне внасянето на поправки в резолюцията приета от асамблеята. Ирина Геращенко член на постоянната делегация заяви, че представителите на Украйна са настоявали към работата по темата да бъде привлечен Международният комитет на Червения кръст. Организацията от своя страна е заявила готовност за съдействие.
Резолюцията приета от ПАСЕ е първият официален документ, в който фигурират думите „руска агресия в Украйна“. В него се призовава Русия и сепаратиските групи, които са окупирали територии в Донецка и Луганска област да освободят всички пленници и заложници.
От Белия дом съобщиха, че по инициатива от руска страна се е състоял разговор между американския президент Барак Обама и руския му колега Владимир Путин, това е първият разговор между двамата от февруари месец насам. Обама е призовал да бъдат изтеглени войските и военната техника от територията на Украйна.